There are hundreds of different dental procedures which are regularly performed by your dentist. However, here is a short list of the most common ones needed by patients with some links to more in-depth articles.
A veneer as the name suggests is a strong ceramic or resin based material which is bonded onto a tooth. Veneers are used by dentists to mend decayed, chipped and stained teeth. A dental veneer can also be used to close gaps between teeth.
Braces are used to straighten and align teeth while dealing with annoying problems such as underbite and overbite when eating. Dental Braces like Invisalign work by gradually putting pressure on the teeth. Over some months (normally), the teeth start to straighten and are re-aligned into their correct position.
Cracked, damaged or broken teeth can be restored and protected with a crown or cap as it is sometimes known. Crowns are also a recommendation when a tooth has a very large filling which weakens the tooth. Crowns can be made from several different materials and are typically bonded to the tooth using cement.
This is a restorative procedure to repair a decayed, chipped or fractured tooth. Bonding can also be used if a tooth is discolored or to close small gaps between teeth. Bonding is a procedure which can be undertaken in the dental office making it different from veneers which require laboratory work. The procedure consists of applying a tooth colored composite resin to the tooth.
Bridges & Implants
There are a number of ways to replace missing teeth, and a dental bridge is one way. As the name suggests, dental bridges actually bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth. Dental implants take the place of the lost tooth root so that a crown may be cemented.
Dental fillings today are primarily composed of an extremely high quality composite resin, which match the natural tooth color. Read the article about composite and amalgam fillings.
A sealant is a plastic coating painted on the chewing surfaces of back teeth to help prevent tooth decay.
It is a sad fact of life but a tooth beyond repair may have to be extracted. In rare cases, good teeth may also be extracted for orthodontic treatment.
As we get older or in rare cases of accidents, it is sometimes impossible or too expensive to replace broken or damaged teeth. In this case dentures are used. These are basically prosthetic teeth (false teeth) which can be removed.
As your teeth get older they will naturally start to darken. Of course certain foods, beverages and smoking will also lead to discoloration. Read about which teeth are suitable for whitening.
When a tooth is badly cracked or decayed, infections can penetrate into the root of the tooth. This often leads to painful abscesses. At this point it is necessary to open the tooth and clean out any infected tissue before refilling the tooth. Often, your dentist will prescribe antibiotics to make sure all infections are successfully treated.
Oral Cancer Examination
Oral cancer is dangerous but can more likely be successfully treated if detected early. Looking for signs of oral cancer (sores or discolored tissue in your mouth) is normally part of a routine dental examination.
Loss of gum or teeth can arise because of periodontal or gum disease (i.e. an infection that affects the gums and jaw). There are two phases to gum disease which are called gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is less severe and can normally be treated successfully. It is highly recommended that pregnant women should not miss their regular dental examinations as they can be more susceptible to this infection. Periodontal disease is more acute and in some cases will require surgery.
The list does not give all of the available procedures but covers most of the major work that dentists carry out. If you live in East Dallas and would like to discuss your dental treatment, please book an appointment – tel: (214) 821-8639 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can read more in our FAQ page about dentistry too.